Category Archives: food recall

Enterobacter Sakazakii Infection Prompts Recall of Enfamil

A baby boy has died from a rare infection called Enterobacter Sakazakii – a rare bacterial infection of the bloodstream and central nervous systems in infants. The bacterium can be detected in the gut of healthy humans and in the gut of animals, as well as in the environment. The pathogen is also a rare cause of bacteremia and osteomyelitis in adults, but the outcomes related to adult disease seem to be significantly milder than those in infants whose death rate from this rare infection is 33%.

baby formula

Baby Formula is the probable cause in this rare infection

Powdered infant formula is not a sterile product and may be contaminated causing this infection to occur most often in newborns. Walmart has since said it is recalling a single batch of Enfamil powdered infant formula from its stores as a cautionary measure.

The FDA recommends that powdered infant formulas not be used in neonatal intensive care settings unless there is no other alternative available. If the only option available to address the nutritional needs of a particular infant is a powdered formula, risks of infection in healthy and sick newborn babies can be reduced by:

1) Preparing only a small amount of reconstituted formula for each feeding to reduce the quantity and time that formula is held at room temperature for consumption.

2) Do not hold reconstituted formula for longer than two hours without refrigeration.

3) Minimizing the holding time, while under refrigeration, before a reconstituted formula is fed.

4) Minimizing the amount of time a formula is at room temperature in the feeding bag and accompanying lines during enteral tube feeding, with no time exceeding 4 hours at room temperature.  Longer times of having infant formula at room temperature should be avoided at all costs because of the potential for significant microbial growth in reconstituted infant formula.

The World Health  Organization also recommends the following to avoid contamination of the powdered formula:

1) Washing your hands properly with soap and water.

2) Thoroughly sterilizing all feeding equipment in hot, soapy water and preparing enough formula for only one feeding at a time.

More E-Coli Alerts

There are more food recalls and alerts today due to e-coli concerns. Bagged salads from Ready Pac Foods have recalled their bag salads in 8 states including Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, Texas and Washington according to the FDA.

e-coli

E Coli Bacteriam from How Stuff Works

Raw Milk in California is another cause for E-coli concern recently.  Federal law prohibits the sale of raw milk across state lines but does allow states to regulate its sale within their borders. California permits the retail sale of unpasteurized milk from only two licensed facilities. This case is just in California.

There is a case in St. Louis area that source of the e-coli is unknown. The latest case brought to 33 the number of confirmed E. coli infections attributed to the outbreak in that area, said Jacqueline Lapine, spokeswoman for the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. The CDC is now investigating to find the cause of this outbreak.

Symptoms of E-Coli may include:

  • Abdonimal Pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Fatigue

If you think you have been infected with e-coli be sure to visit your doctor immediately.

Salad Recall Due to Possible Salmonella

October 21, 2011

There is another food recall, this time salad sold in bags by Taylor Farms Retail Inc. in Salinas, California.

salad

salad recall

Taylor Farms initaiated the request after a random test conducted showed signs of salmonella. The company is recalling 3,265 cases of salad blends sold under various brand names, including Fresh Selections, H-E-B, Marketside and Taylor Farms.

Salmonella has been around for over 100 years. Learn more about salmonella at the USDA website today.

Is Tainted Seafood Reaching American’s Plates?

Seafood with infected or tainted with drugs and antibiotics have made their way into the United States.  Only about 2% of imported seafood is inspected, and only 0.1% is tested for banned drug residues, according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), the investigative arm of Congress.

Seafood

Seafood

80% of America’s seafood is imported. So 78% of the seafood is not inspected.  The FDA cannot say with certainty how many pass or fail.

People who eat seafood that is raw or undercooked are especially vulnerable to bacteria that may be lurking. Imported seafood was believed to be the culprit in a 2007 outbreak of ciguatera fish poisoning . Ten people were sickened after eating contaminated seafood from two restaurants in Missouri. Ciguatera  poisoning happens when you eat a reef fish (any fish living in warm tropical water) that has eaten a certain poisonous food. This poison does not go away when the fish is cooked or frozen.

Scombroid poisoning: A substance called histamine builds up in some fish when they get too warm after they’re caught. Histamine is a chemical that serves as a kind of alarm to let your immune system know that an infection is attacking part of the body. If you eat a fish that was not properly cooled after it was caught, you may react to the histamine that is released into your body.

What are the symptoms?

The first symptoms of ciguatera poisoning include abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Symptoms can then progress to headache, muscle aches and skin that is itchy, numb or tingly. You may notice a change in your ability to feel hot or cold temperatures. These symptoms can last 1-2 weeks.

Symptoms of scombroid poisoning will usually develop 20 to 30 minutes after you eat the affected fish. They can include flushing (turning red) of the face, nausea, vomiting, hives and abdominal pain. These symptoms are similar to other allergic reactions. However, getting scombroid poisoning does not mean you are allergic to fish. These symptoms typically last 24 hours or less.

Product standards for fish and seafood are much lower in China, Vietnam, Indonesia and Thailand where most of the fish and seafood come from.

Food safety advocates like Food & Water Watch say consumers are better off avoiding imported seafood altogether and sticking to locally raised fish or fish caught in the wild. To find out where seafood is from, check your packaging for country-of-origin labeling or ask the seafood vendor.

Of course if you are  pregnant there are concerns of mercury too. Check out WebMD for more info on that.